Personal houses in Japan have always been known for their strange shapes, some are limited by the area in the city, and some are the brains of the homeowner and the designer. We recently collected some Japanese individual houses built this year to see what new ideas these architectural designs have in their appearance, and how they meet the various life needs of the house owners under the strange shapes.
1.Pyramid-inspired stone house
▲ takamine-cho house
In Nagoya, Japan, the architect Uno Tomaki also used the most natural brick and stone to build his house, but this is not his artistic creation, but the owner. Unsolicited request.
In the first practice of this demand, Uno Yuaki felt that he was in an embarrassing situation of "destroying traditions". Such large unmodified bricks are mostly used in foundations, dams and stone walls. There is almost no precedent for building houses. refer to.
In the end, he was saved by the pyramids in Tenayuca, Mexico. Unlike the pyramids in Egypt, the pyramids in Mexico are entirely made of stones. This inspired Uno Tomaki. He joked: “The first Japanese-style pyramid in Japan is located here. This is built, but it’s not a sarcophagus, but a study."
In the end, this takamine-cho house consists of two parts: a "stone pyramid" and a concrete cube. They are located on the side of the road slantingly, and there are no windows on the wall facing the street, which not only maintains the cold personality of the building, but also creates the most privacy space for the owner.
Another unique attempt by takamine-cho house is to subvert the stereotyped layout of the upper and lower floors. In this house, the bedroom is located on the ground floor instead.
The upper floor takes over all the social functions, and the private garden is also located on the upper floor, becoming the softest and sensual part of the whole house. After all, even the interior is unmodified concrete walls, which penetrates the personality of the owner and the house both inside and outside.
This house can be regarded as a bare design that suppresses the decoration, but this is the second time the owner has cooperated with Uno Tomaki. When the owner needs to show his personality, it is not impossible to make a bold attempt.
2. The House of Silver Pipes
Hata Tomohiro Architects and Design Office in Kobe has designed many houses in various parts of Japan in recent years, and almost every one can stand out in the surrounding streetscape. Located in Nishinomiya City, Hyogo Prefecture, "Koyoen House", whether viewed from the air or from the street, its silver vaulted roof is very eye-catching.
Among the winding roads, narrow terrain, and dense housing, "Jiayang Garden House" is like a set of pipes, landing in this area seamlessly and connecting with nearby houses. The designer “takes the past or present streets as clues to think about how to integrate and connect the residence to it.”
Like a pipe connected at both ends, the front and back of this house are also very transparent. The vaulted roof enthusiastically invites sunlight into the interior. Just as the designer expected, “the interior space is not enclosed in the building”, but is connected to the city. Mutual exchange.
It is worth mentioning that the choice of materials and arch design of the entire house's facade are due to transportation difficulties, because there are winding paths with a width of only 2 meters near the house. Even so, Hata Tomohiro Architects still delivered an unexpectedly high score.
3. The roof tears a landscape
The "Okuchi no Home" shared next is also the work of Hata Tomohiro Architects this year. In order to design the house at the foot of the mountain, the designers climbed the mountain many times and "think about how to keep the building from separating the natural environment of the surrounding mountains. Under the circumstances, blur the boundary between dwelling and nature".
For this reason, the designer "tipped" a large streamlined hole on the roof of "Okuchi House", allowing the plants in the courtyard to grow out of the building and naturally penetrate into the building from here, blurring the outline of the building.
Looking down from the air, the roof looks like a silver cloud, lying on the ground, close to the small garden in the house. The building is integrated into nature and into the mountains. The designer said that he wanted to "create a soft silver The space under the cloud."
The outer wall of "Okuchi no Home" uses concrete to protect the privacy of the people inside, but a large number of glass walls are used in the courtyard to keep the interior from being depressed. Coupled with the finishing touch of the small garden, the whole building space is refreshing and pleasant.
4. The big staircase brings the sun room
▲ Light-filled Stair Hall
At the beginning of this year, KIRI Architects built this Light-filled Stair Hall in Tokyo, incorporating sunlight, breeze, childhood, and music into a small space.
The grand staircase, which occupies 1/3 of the interior of the building, is the most eye-catching feature of this house. In terms of the interior area of 79 square meters, the size of this staircase may be exaggerated, but it actually has several functions.
On this staircase, you can enjoy the garden, sit and watch the street view, read, bask in the sun, and listen to music. The stairs can also accommodate green plants and small pieces of home furnishings, as well as separate the outdoor garden from the indoor living room and bedroom.
Through the large glass windows on the front, you can see the large stairs and some rooms in the house from the outside. For this house, it is the existence of the large stairs and glass windows that allow many rooms to be exposed to sunlight.
5. A house with a transparent roof
From the front, SINMYO is like the "🏠" in emoji. It seems to have no special shape. In fact, Keitaro Muto Architects has focused on the roof.
Looking down from the air, it is clear at a glance that this gray house has a white roof, half of which is hollowed out white aluminum shutters. Under sunlight, the semi-indoor space also has the visual sense of an outdoor garden.
At first, the homeowner wanted to have an outdoor garden as part of the design. However, limited by the corner of the house, the design team could only move the outdoor garden indoors, and used the visually different shades of wood flooring as the "indoor". "Outside" is used as a division, and hollow shutters are used to create a sense of outdoor space in the space.
"Light" also brings a thread through the whole house. Sunlight passes through the shutters to bring nourishment to the plants in the garden, and through the glass, it pours all the way to the kitchen, living room and other rooms on the first floor, bringing it to every corner. Natural lighting. With the changing of the seasons, the angle of the sun shifts, and the beauty of light and shadow in the whole room is new almost every day.
6. Live with other creatures
Also enthusiastic about plants is "Tsuruoka Mansion". Takeda Qingming Architects stacks and interweaves gardens and houses. "Tsuruoka Mansion" not only provides living space for humans, but also accepts trees, birds, insects and other creatures.
Although the whole house looks dazzling from the inside to the outside, the living experience in it is also very rich. There is a natural park in front of the house, the scenery is eye-catching.
The thick walls make the house cool in summer like a cave, and in winter there is floor heating to store heat in the soil, making it comfortable in all seasons. The unique arched eaves design helps rainwater nourish the plants outside the house. In fact, many details of the design of "Hegang Mansion" are inspired by the natural environment, and nature is the best inspiration.
In a few decades, this house may become a small forest, the building is completely hidden by plants, and it becomes the home of many creatures. The creatures in nature and man-made objects (such as buildings) reach a state of balance. This building may be difficult to change the ecology, but Takeda Kiyomi hopes to experiment with a new way of life in which people have contact with other creatures while keeping a proper distance.
7. Small but beautiful toolbox house
▲ Toolbox House
This toolbox house in Osaka has drastically torn down the old house and rebuilt a small, beautiful and down-to-earth functional house. The renovated Yamamoto Kahiro Architectural Design Office YYAA is very good at planning simple layouts that do not waste space.
Building a slender single-storey house on this narrow foundation determines that every space in the house must be maximized. Even the doorway is designed as a comprehensive semi-outdoor space. In addition to placing motorcycles, it also has other functions such as unloading goods and meetings. The entire residence is actually responsible for the triple function of home, office, and warehouse, which is worthy of being " Toolbox House".
Although it is a bungalow sandwiched between high-rise buildings, the lighting of the toolbox house is unambiguous. The continuous skylight helps a lot.
Nowadays, in the center of Osaka, more and more old houses are converted into high-rise buildings. Under this trend, living in single-story buildings has become a unique experience, and it is also more convenient for such elderly families.
8. Reproduce the comfort of a walk in the park at home
▲ Weather House
n o t architects studio (not an architect's studio) designed the Weather House, which is not like a house, but is full of park walks. Open the grid-shaped "rolling door" and the park experience begins.
Surrounding the whole house, the upward external walkway is filled with plants, like park walks and slopes, and central squares, which gives Weather House the atmosphere of a park. As the designer said, "This road connects the house with the surrounding environment, making it look like a city to what extent, and to what extent a house, the boundaries are blurred."
This "park walk" dedicated to the home connects the rooms and creates a sense of distance for different areas. The trail itself can be a place to rest and rest, or a "small square" where families gather together. Its constant changes make life in the Weather House as rich and free as a park.
9. How to design a good life for 9.44.4 square meters?
▲ 24mm Plywood House
In housing renovation programs, you can often see renovation designs for small houses. This year Alphaville Architects also took a challenge to create a 44.4 square meter personal house in a crowded residential area in Kyoto. Compared with the common single apartment, this house with a height of about 6 meters is more attractive.
Entering the interior, irregular designs can be seen everywhere, which allows endless changes in a small space and more places to explore. The designer uses 24mm plywood to divide the interior space into two parts. The living room on the first floor, the entrance hall and the terrace on the second floor are closer to the external environment and are used as public spaces. The remaining areas are more private and meet the needs of daily life.
Although the house is small in size, it cleverly has two floors and two areas with obvious differences. Starting from actual life, a small area can also design a good life that is expected.
In the 9 residential designs shared today, there are many lessons worth learning from.
In the stone house, the architect not only satisfies the alternative requirement of the homeowner who wants to use large bricks, but also regains practicality by integrating other materials;
The silver pipe house, the big staircase house and the last 44.4 square meter building are all limited by the environment and the area of the base itself, but the small stove can still make a delicious meal;
The Toolbox House is a more obvious practical transformation based on the needs of the homeowner. It transforms the building into a bungalow for the elderly, while at the same time using reasonable lighting to make the whole house small and beautiful.
Tadao Ando once said in a speech that “housing originates from the most fundamental desire of mankind.” In housing renovation and design projects, perhaps architects may think more for the residents, and their ideas will be very different. Houses have a profound impact on the lifestyles of occupants. For many ordinary people who only have one suite, designing a house is like designing his entire life.